Life’s Farmacy does not provide fish at this time. This list just serves as an example of the type of fish used in aquaponics systems.

1) Tilapia (This includes Blue Tilapia)

Recommended To Eat: Yes

  • Easy to bread
  • Fast Growing
  • Can withstand very poor water conditions
  • Require warm water

The near hundred species of cichlid fishes are more commonly known as tilapia. Shallow streams, ponds, rivers and lakes are their habitat. They can feed on algae or any plant-based food, which makes them important in aquaculture.

Their large size, rapid growth and palatability means that they’re farmed extensively as food fish, particularly the Nile tilapia. They’re a good source of protein and are popular among artisanal and commercial fisheries.

2) Trout

Recommended To Eat: Yes

  • Great for cool temperatures (10°C -20°C)
  • Very fast growth rate
  • Excellent food conversion ratios

Trout are closely related to salmon and are carnivorous, feeding on other fishes and soft bodied aquatic invertebrates such as flies, molluscs and bloodworms among other insects.

Their environments differ and they can have dramatically different coloration and patterns, which acts as a camouflage when they move to different habitats. Trouts are often raised on fish farms, and they’re an important food source for animals and humans.

3) Goldfish

Recommended To Eat: No

  • Generally need plant cover to breed in tank

The goldfish is a small member of the carp family. They’re one of the earliest fishes to be domesticated and perhaps the most popular aquarium fish. In the wild, they eat crustaceans, insects, and various plant matter.

If overfed, they produce more waste, which makes them good for aquaponics. However, because of their small size, lack of protein and susceptibility to parasites, goldfishes are not recommended for eating.

4) Carp

Recommended To Eat: Yes

  • Good reproductive capabilities
  • Can adapt easily in various environments

Carps are various species of oily freshwater fish. They’re very popular in recreational fishing and aquaculture. Various species are domesticated and raised as food fish. In Western Europe, the demand for carp as food has declined since more the more desirable table fishes, trout and salmon became more available through extensive farming.

Among the most common species of carps for eating are the bighead carp, grass carp, mud carp and crucian carp. They feed on algae, plants, molluscs, insects and many other soft bodied aquatic invertebrates.

5) Catfish

Recommended To Eat: Yes

  • Need to be skinned because they don’t have scales
  • Fast growing
  • Good food conversion ratio

Catfishes are a assorted group of ray-finned fish that vary greatly in size. They are found in freshwater environments and live inland or in the coastal waters of every continent except for the Antarctica.

Commercially, catfishes are of great importance and many of the larger species are farmed or fished for food, especially in warm climates.

The catfish can feed on plant based food, insects as well as other fishes, but certain catfish species will have specific diets. Catfish is high in vitamin D and among the most common eaten species of are the channel catfish and blue catfish.

6) Koi

Recommended To Eat: No

  • Can thrive in an aquaponic system
  • Long life span
  • Great resistance against common parasites

The Koi was developed from common carp in Japan, and are part of the same family. They vary greatly in coloration, patterns and scalation, which has made them popular for ornamental purposes.

The Koi is a durable fish species, and have a strong resistance against many common parasites. They also have a very long life span.

Koi are an omnivorous type of fish so they have a varied diet including peas, lettuce, watermelon, algae and other fishes. Though they are great for aquaponics, proper oxygenation and off-gassing is vital in winter months and small ponds.

Although Koi can be eaten, they tend to have very large scales which need to be removed and are bony. They’re also usually more expensive than other carps, and there are other fishes that are tastier and easier to prepare.

7) Largemouth Bass

Recommended To Eat: Yes

  • Very varied diet
  • Small largemouth bass tastier in low temperature water

The largemouth bass is an olive green fish that’s part of the sunfish family and is a popular freshwater gamefish. In its younger stages, it feeds on mostly small bait fish, scuds, small shrimp and insects, while adults will eat smaller fish such as bluegill, snails, crayfish, snakes, water birds and other small mammals.

In the wild smaller largemouth bass tend to taste better than large adults mainly because of their diet. However, in a selective aquaponics environment where their diet and water cleanliness is controlled, they taste much better, though generally largemouth bass have a stronger taste compared to many other fishes.



Malaysian Shrimp

Recommended To Eat: Yes

  • Grow to over 12 inches
  • Short incubation and quick growth

More than 200 species of freshwater prawns, all members of the family Palaemonidae, are important to the commercial market. The most important belong to the genus Macrobrachium, and the freshwater shrimp most common to Western markets is the giant M. rosenbergii, also known as giant river prawn. It is found wild from Pakistan and northwest India to Malaysia, New Guinea, the Philippines and northern Australia and is farmed in freshwater areas throughout the world. In the United States, it is commercially farmed in Hawaii and experimentally in some southern states, notably Tennessee. This fast-growing shrimp can reach a weight of 4 to 6 ounces. In the wild, it can attain lengths of over 1 foot. In cultured ponds, it is generally harvested at 6 to 7 inches, or about six prawns per pound, head-on. There are limited markets for live or fresh giant prawns; most are sold as frozen tails.